Mustafa Kemâl Atatürk

1881 Selânik -1938 İstanbul

He was born in 1881 in Salonica.

His mother’s name is Zübeyde hanım.

His father’s name is Ali Rıza efendi

First entered in a traditional religious school, he soon changed to a modern school.

In 1893, he entered a military high school where his mathematics teacher gave him the second name Kemal (meaning perfection) in recognition of young Mustafa’s superior achievement. He was thereafter known as Mustafa Kemal.

On May 19, 1919, Mustafa Kemal Pasha landed in the Black Sea port of Samsun to start the War of Independence.

On April 23, 1920, the Grand National Assembly was opened. Mustafa Kemal Pasha was elected to its Presidency.


On October 29, the Republic was proclaimed and Mustafa Kemal Pasha was unanimously elected President of the Republic.

In 1934, when the surname law was adopted, the national parliament gave him the name “Atatürk” (Father of the Turks).


On November 10, 1938, the national liberator and the Father of modern Turkey died. But his legacy to his people and to the world endures.

“PEACE AT HOME,

PEACE IN THE WORLD.”

“FUTURE IS IN THE SKY.”

“LIBERTY AND INDEPENDENCE ARE MY CHARACTER.”

“TO KNOW ME WOULD NOT MEAN TO SEE ME

PERSONALLY,  IT IS SUFFICIENT TO UNDERSTAND MY

FEELINGS AND MY IDEAS.”

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